Tag: headline news

10 Things That You Can Do While Writing Novels With Software That You Can not Manually

Lake Saiful Muluk

Here are some reasons why you should software when writing a novel:

1. It has a built-in dictionary that you can use when you are searching for the right words for your novel.
2. With its spelling and grammar checker, you can finish your novel in a faster way because it has auto correct wherein while you are typing the program will tell you if you have a wrong spelling or wrong gram which does not agree with sentence construction .
3. It will assist you with your story setting / plot, characters and events.
4. The program will give suggestions once you type the title of your novel, it will give character name suggestions that will be very convenient for writers because it is sometimes hard to think of character names that will capture the readers.
5. Having software for book writing novel is like having your own personal assistant.
6. When you write a novel manually, it is possible that you research through the Internet, but with the help of software it will store your research so if ever you need to check again you do not have to go online and research again.
7. Will help with the flow of the story, when you write a novel manually, it is normal that you lose the flow of the story because of distractions. But with the help of software, it will help you to be back on track with the flow of your story.
8. The software will guide you with your novel writing.
9. The software will be giving meaningful results that will help you finish your story faster.
10. It will spark more creativity in your work.

Using software is very convenient and it will make you work on your novel easier and finish the novel faster. It does not necessarily mean that you should use the software but it is highly-recommended for novel writers. A lot of famous writers are using software like JK Rowling, and look at her now. Her masterpiece made a big hit and is topping off the shelves in all the bookstores worldwide. It is time for you to try using software and make a novel that will surely wow your readers.

Technical Writing – What’s a Reading Level Anyway?

the lonely tree

“The art of art, the glory of expression and the sunshine of the light of letters, is simplicity.”

Walt Whitman, 1819-1892, American Poet

The client said, “We want this written at a 10th-grade reading level.” I said, “What’s a 10th-grade reading level and how is it measured?” The client said, “Hey, will you look at the time! I have to leave right now.”

Similar experiences on a number of occasions made me think that people use the phrase reading level without actually knowing what it means. They read it somewhere and think they sound smarter if they can toss it into the conversation. That sent me on a quest to find out what it means and how it’s measured. Here’s what I found out.

First, this is an important issue, and one that’s not well understood or carefully considered by many clients and the tech writers who work for them. For writers with a lot of experience who write for a wide range of audiences, it becomes instinctive. They know their audiences. They know how to write in a way that the readers can understand. They make adjustments for the specific audience they’re writing for. For writers new to the business or with experience writing for a limited audience, it can be a problem when they need to write for an audience they’re not familiar with.

Next, when people say something is written at a tenth-grade reading level the target audience’s ability to read that concerns us. Someone could read “Uber der Welt so hoch” and still not understand it. The goal is to write in a way that the target audience can comprehend. That involves using vocabulary and sentence structure that fits the reading comprehension level of the audience. , it’s a misnomer. What they really mean is that it’s written at a tenth grade comprehension level or what’s called a readability level. It’s not

Finally, the good news. Readability can be measured. The experts in the field of linguistics know what a tenth-grade readability level is and how it’s different from another level. It’s not an exact science, but it’s well enough developed that it can be used by writers to help them hit the mark with more accuracy. We won’t get into the really technical aspects of the subject, but we’ll provide enough background and illustrations that you’ll know how to find out more about it.

Readability Formulas

Readability formulas are used to determine if a document is written at the right comprehension level for the target audience. There are a number of readability formulas used by various linguistic groups. For now, we’re going to focus on the Gunning’s Fog Index because it’s one of the most famous and one any writer can use. The index was developed by Robert Gunning in 1952. The basic idea is that the bigger the words and the more complex the sentences, the more difficult it is to understand the document. Small words and short sentences are still the easiest to understand.

For convenience, the Fox Index levels equates to the number of years of formal education a reader needs to understand the material. By the way, this is based on the American system of twelve elementary and high school grades with the number of years of college education numbered thirteen and up. A high school education is a level 12. A master’s degree would be about a level 16.

To put this in perspective, a typical big-city newspaper is written at a level 7 or 8. The belief in most industries is that anything above a level 12 is too hard for most readers to understand. Remember, the Fox Index is not an absolute measure. It is, though, when used over a range of samples, a very good indicator. Here are some Fox Index levels for popular publications.

Atlantic Monthly = 12

Newsweek = 10

Reader’s Digest = 9

True Confessions = 7

Most comic books = 6

(This article = 11.6)

The Fog Index Applied

Here is an example of the same information written at two different readability levels as measured by the Fog Index.

Example One: Untold numbers of eternally optimistic individuals buy lottery tickets with odds in the multimillions against their chances of realizing success. They’re sustained by a level of ignorance that keeps them from recognizing that the likelihood that such an unrealistic eventuality would actually occur is of an order of magnitude beyond their capacity to comprehend. They cling to the notion that if an event is possible it certainly must happen regardless of how great the statistical chances are against it. Their cry is always, “Well, somebody’s got to win,” which is sufficient to block even the brightest glare of the cold light of reason.

The level is arrived at by counting the number of words, the number of sentences, and the number of three-syllable, or longer, words. Then a formula is applied that gives the readability index level. In this example, there are 103 words, 4 sentences, and 20 three-syllable words. Using the formula, the Fog Index level is 18. That means the reader should probably have a doctorate to ensure comprehension.

Example Two: A lot of people who never give up hope buy lottery tickets even though the odds against them ever winning are enormous. What keeps them buying tickets is that they aren’t able to understand that the odds against them are so great that they can’t really expect to win. They believe that because something is possible, then it must happen no matter what the odds against it are. Saying, “Well, somebody’s got to win,” is enough to keep them from seeing the reality of the situation.

Using the same method, the 86 words, 4 sentences, and 6 three-syllable words in this example give a Fog Index level of 11. That’s a high school junior.

Now You Try It

Pick a text sample from a source you’re familiar with. It helps if it’s a fairly big block of text. The larger the sample, the more accurate the index figure is. For example, I selected two blocks of text from the guide that came with my Nikon camera. Follow me through the process:

1. Count the number of words in the sample. If there are hyphenated words, count each part as one word.

(My count: 120) (Your count: )

2. Count the number of sentences in the sample.

(My count: 5) (Your count: )

3. Count the number of big words in the sample: 3 or more syllables.

(My count: 3) (Your count: )>

4. Calculate the average sentence length. To do this, divide the number of words by the number of sentences. For example, 120 divided by 5.

(My number: 24) (Your number: )

5. Calculate the percentage of big words. To do this, divide the number of big words by the total number of words. For example, 3 divided by 120 = .02 = 2%.

(My number: 2) (Your number: )

6. Add the average sentence length to the % of big words.

(My number: 26) (Your number: )

7. Multiply the result by 0.4.

Fog Index (My level: 10th grade) (Your level: )

Now try it on something you’ve written. From what you know about your audience, does your Fog Index match with the readers’ comprehension level? It’s a very important question, and this formula can help you answer it.

For more information on readability formulas, use any search engine to find sites related to readability formulas, Passive Index, Flesch-Kincaid Index, or Lexical Density Test.

Eight Common Characteristics Famous Celebrities Have

Famous writer!

Celebrities come and go. They can either stay for a couple of years, but some fail to carve a niche in the entertainment industry and remain a starlet. Some are successful and become iconic in the music scene, television and movies.

You might be wondering why some of them have disappeared in the industry. If you observe their stellar status, the luckiest are those who share common characteristics that made them rich and famous.

Take a peek at the 8 common characteristics famous celebrities have in common. Find out if you have any of these traits that can be helpful in your chosen profession.

1. Strong determination and confidence. Celebrities are confident and determined to pursue their goal no matter what happens. They are the kind of people who do not care about what others say when they pose nude in a men’s magazine or wear a bizarre outfit. Getting out of poverty and to become famous are two things that prodded them to try their luck in Hollywood hoping that they could find the right people to help them in their budding career.

2. Their work ethic is infectious. Actors and singers are deprived of sleep as they have to stay awake until the following day to finish their commitment. They work hard not only because they know that they are highly compensated for their efforts, but because they want to leave a legacy when they are no longer active in the industry. Highest paid actors only spend 2 to 3 hours of sleep until their project is finished. But the prices they get from being workaholics can buy them a new house, a car, a set of jewelry and a swanky bag.

3. They work for the sake of art. Multi-awarded actors are choosy in their roles despite the high talent fee that they could receive for a particular project. Top caliber actors who have become financially stable would pick meaty roles that could earn them an Oscar award. They don’t mind if they have to go bald or topless for as long as the role will increase their level of creativity and transform them into a respected actor. Some celebrities accept roles that are challenging even if they don’t share the same billing stature with the main actors.

4. They are creative and unique. Famous Hollywood personalities defy the standard and social norms. They never stop creating and reinventing themselves to enable them to catch the public’s attention. Miley Cyrus, Madonna, J Lo, Michael Jackson and to name a few, had their own strings of gimmickry and controversy to promote their albums or movies. Even local artist in some key cities in the world do the same thing even if it could ruin their reputation and make them infamous. Defying the norm and ignoring their bashers is the best action that celebrities must do to succeed in their showbiz career. Gossips are part of showbiz and welcoming them with an open heart can make them stronger and better celebrities.

5. They think, believe and dream big. True artists think that there is no small role for them. Budding actors must heed what their veteran counterparts say that in order for them to be recognized and earn big, they should accept any role that can hone their acting prowess. Since the competition in the world of showbiz has become stiff, they must grab every opportunity that comes their way. Not unless they are products of reality shows or beauty contests, penetrating the entertainment industry is a bit hard. Changing their mindset from small to big things will inspire them to strive hard and make it big in showbiz.

6. They have a high emotional quotient. Although beauty and talent are important things to consider when discovering a new talent, movie directors and producers would prefer actors with a good work attitude. Celebrities who are acting like divas will most likely to lose their chance of getting the right break because their attitude can cause a lot of problems during location shooting. High EQ celebrities come to work before call time and they do not cause glitches or delay at work. They can mingle with anyone in the set from the director to the janitor. They can laugh at their own mistakes and can exchange jokes with their fellow workers, even if they have been sleepless for several nights. Most of all, they welcome strangers and mobbing fans for autograph and photo ops.

7. They enjoy every bit of their work. Become passionate about your work as an artist in the real sense of the word will give you more inspiration to hone your craft. Celebrities who are enjoying their career are the one who will become successful as they do not get discouraged when failure comes in one point of their lives.

8. Money and fame are only secondary. These two things that can lead to frustration if celebrities are unable to achieve them. Some famous celebrities who are getting less projects and their fans are ignoring them have become depressed and suicidal. This is because they think that money and fame are the most important things in life. But the truth is, any career that is taken with passion can be a great source of your finances if you know how to save your money.

Celebrities who have lost their careers because of their bad attitude have realized that becoming famous and wealthy does not happen overnight. They have to learn the traits that could propel their popularity and eventually land them a lot of projects.

Aspiring actors/actresses who are given the break should realize that the competition is so high in the industry. A single flaw is observed from you could put you down and it would be too late to realize that a newcomer will soon replace your position in showbiz. Getting rich quick is a mere fantasy as you need to start from scratch, and when you are already at the top of your success, remain humble and grounded.

Famous and Not So Famous Dog Posters From Yesteryear

We like the moooooon (heavily annotated Harvest Moon, 10/6/2006)

Snoopy, Lassie, Marmaduke, Beethoven, UnderDog, and even Huckleberry Hound all had their moment in the sun over the years. Some were flashes in the pan and others have become societal icons. Dog posters of these characters are easy to find, but what about some of the more obscure canine companions? For every superstar, there were at least ten not so famous pups that could use a little recognition. Some of them have become enduring symbols and others are just what they are supposed to be, man's best friend, ever by our side and never seeking recognition for their achievements.

Since the beginning of the Twentieth Century, there have been films and famous artists portraying dogs of all breeds doing heroic and humorous things that have made them worthy of at least a mention. Before 1900, there were artists who painted dogs, some of what became famous for other works. That also happened in recent years, as you'll read below. If you're a dog lover and trivia buff, this is one list you'll definitely want to check out. It's not numbered or ranked, because there's no way to rate one dog as somehow more important than others. It is however, a list of important furry four-legged friends who have quietly made history. You will definitely be surprised by some of the little known facts contained here.

Rover's Real Name was Blair

Hollywood has glamorized dogs since they first started making movies back in the early Twentieth Century. In 1905, a silent film called Rescued by Rover depicted a heroic collie saving an infant from a beggar woman who kidnapped her while the family nanny was distracted and speaking to a handsome soldier. The film is widely considered to be the first movie of any kind to use paid actors. The nanny, the soldier, and the beggar woman were all given half a guinea to play their roles. The film was so successful that the filmmaker, Britain's Cecil Hepworth, had to shoot it twice. The negative from the first shooting wore out after several shows. In both versions, Hepworth used his family dog ​​and his own infant child. The dog's name was not Rover. It was Blair.

Where Would Annie have been Without Sandy?

Little Orphan Annie, a popular comic strip character created by Harold Gray, first appeared in print on August 5, 1924 and was published illegally uninterrupted until June 13, 2010. During that time, she was loved and hated, respected and scorned, pitied and envied, but there was always one constant – her dog Sandy. Like any good canine companion, Sandy stand around her through thick and thin, never wavering even when Gray's politics transformed to sink their fledgling career. During their radio years, from 1930 to 1942, Sandy had a speaking role in the intro and a regular spot during the fifteen minute afternoon show. Who did Sandy's voice? Beginning in 1936, it was a little known NBC employee named Orson Welles. He was twenty years old when he was first hired for the part, just two years before his famous War of the Worlds broadcast.

Mike, Fritzi, Rags, Bozo, or Homer?

Most people have seen the movie dog poster from Disney's 1955 animated film Lady and the Tramp, and most just assume the stray's name is simply "The Tramp". There are friendly families that feed him and call him Mike or Fritzi, but neither of those is his real name. During the film, he is not specifically addressed by any title other than "The Tramp". The cast of the film, those who did the voices, experimented with a number of different tags, including Rags and Bozo, but chose not to assign the poor pup one when the film was finally released. For those of you who are trivia buffs, his real name, the one that they wrote into the original script, is Homer. Why is this historic? Homer and his pals were all part of the first animated feature filmed in CinemaScope Widescreen, a revolutionary look that would change the scope of filmmaking for the decades that followed – the 1960s and 70s.

Andy Warhol and Maurice

Andy Warhol was an American painter and filmmaker who 1963 painting The Eight Elvies sold for a record $ 100 million. The purchase made Warhol a legend, on par with Pablo Picasso and Jackson Pollock. The painting, which is a silkscreen, is a portrait of Elvis Presley which was owned at the time of the sale by Italian art collector Annibale Berlingieri. The buyer is unknown. Warhol also produced another painting called, Portrait of Maurice, a depiction of a dachshund that belonged to friend and fellow art collector Gabrielle Keiller. You can find reproductions of Maurice anywhere where dog posters are sold for as little as $ 10 apiece. You will not however, find him listed on any of the many internet lists of famous Warhol's, but total sales of the image far exceeded the selling price of The Eight Elvises. It sees that small amounts really do add up over time.

Toto – The Dog Who Saw in Color

They say that dogs see in black and white, but there's one dog on this list that definitely saw things in color, at least once the house finally landed in the merry old land of Oz. Toto, one of the most celebrated dog poster dogs of all time, was the first Canis Lupus Familiaris to set foot in Munchkinland and will be forever immortalized because of it. The movie itself is ranked as the most watched of all time and was credited with finally bringing vivid color into the filmmaking industry. Toto, however, was not the dog's real name, nor was he the male dog that Frank Baum created him to be. Toto was played by a female black Cairn terrier named "Terry" and she was a professional actress. She was paid $ 125 a week, which was $ 75 more than each of the munchkins made, and she broke her foot during production when one of the witch's guards stepped on it. Her owners, no doubt influenced by the film's popularity, changed her name to Toto in real life after the film's release in 1939. She lived to be eleven and is the only dog ​​on this list to have her own "autobiography", written by Willard Carroll.

Copyright (c) 2010 Trey Markel

How to Do Effective Writing in IELTS

Wandering through the Garden

Writing has always played a dominant role in the field of communication since the primitive times. Despite the fact that latest technology has taken the means of communication to a new horizon, writing has not been substituted. There is a famous saying 'Pen is mightier than sword'. One, who uses the pen effectively and judiciously, can express himself / herself impeccably. The indispensable function of writing is to convey the message in a subtitle way from one person to another. Writing test in IELTS lasts for 60 minutes, and candidates need to complete two tasks, each of which requires different text types (description, letter, report, discussion, argument, opinion text).

An effective writing in IELTS depends on the various factors:

"Writing"

Task response Grammatical accuracy

Lexical Vocabulary Coherent and Cohesion

Task Response
The Task 1 (150-180) and Task 2 (250-280) needs to be written in 60 minutes.

Candidates must try not to use more or less than the required word limit as the chances of going off the topic (when writing more) or penalty (when writing less) is there. The content should be relevant to the issue which has to be discussed in the writing task.

For example:

Education is the single most important factor in the development of a country. Do you agree? What are the factors which are usually related to academic success in high-school students? Do the advantages of study abroad justify the difficulties? In this topic, we need to discuss the problems and solutions which are being asked rather than emphasizing only the important aspect of education.

Lexical Vocabulary and Grammar Accuracy

How to do Effective Writing in IELTS
Candidates should take grammar and spelling into consideration. There should be proper sentence formation and vocabulary.

For Example:

Mrs. Rita brave the resume to the interviewer.

Mrs. Rita submitted the resume to the interviewer.

Students who want better scores will always reckon the grammatical usage in an apt way.

Coherent and Cohesion
Cohesion refers to the connectivity of text whereas coherence refers to the understanding level of writing. Paragraphs need to have a lucid and organized pattern wherein candidates can give their idea. Sentences within the paragraphs may be linked together from one sentence to another by various ways.

  • Repetition of important words
  • Substituting the pronouns like 'it', 'these' and 'this'.
  • Using synonyms
  • Using linking words Example 'however', 'moreover', 'furthermore', 'consequently' can be used to show the complex relationship between ideas.